Whom God hath raised up. This was the main point, in this part of his argument, which Peter wished to establish. Peter began with a public proclamation of the resurrection at a time when it could be verified by many witnesses. This was a powerful statement, because many of the people listening to Peter’s words had been in Jerusalem 50 days earlier at Passover and may have seen or heard about the crucifixion and resurrection of this great teacher. Jesus’ resurrection was the ultimate sign that what he said about himself was true. Without the resurrection, we would have no reason to believe in Jesus (1 Cor. 15:14). Peter is saying that what has happened was not contrary to God’s program. This is not something that took God by surprise. However, he makes it clear that this does not release men from their responsibility. Who is responsible for the crucifixion of Christ? Suffering of death. The Hebrew phrase, matzrei-Sh˒ol ( pains of Sh’ol ), is found in Psalm 116:3. Some people unfamiliar with the Bible think of death as an end to the agonies of life; they say of an ill person, It was better for him that he died. But the Bible regards death as the ultimate tragedy. Only for those who have eternal life through Yeshua the Messiah has the sting of death been removed (Ro 6:23, 1C 15:55–56, Pp 1:21).

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